Siddhi Lakshmi Temple シッディラクシュミ寺院(Bhaktapur バクタプル)


Changu Narayan チャングナラヤンを後にして、Bhaktapur バクタプルの復興の現況を見ておきたくDurbar Sruare ダルバール広場を訪れました。昨年と同じく、ここでも入場料1500ルピー(約1500円)をきちんと支払います。券に描かれている景観の左奥のシカラ様式の建物がSiddhi Lakshmi Temple シッディラクシュミ寺院です。昨年訪れた時には基壇を残して、上部構造は無くなっており、崩落したのかと思っていたのですが、Government of Nepal, Ministry of Culture, Tourism, and Civil Aviation, Department of Archaeology が、Submission of SoC Report on Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Property  (Nepal) (C121). と題してUNESCO World Heritage Centerに提出した書類には、

The Siddhi Laxmi Temple is a 17th century Shikhara style stone temple, dedicated to goddess Siddhi Laxmi located at south eastern corner of the 55 windows. Earthquake had damaged the Temple with major cracks at South side. Considering the possibility of future collapse of the monuments, measured detail drawings were prepared and the structure was carefully dismantled.

Now the restoration of the temple is in progress. All the stone of the temple are being reused but all the wood is replaced by new strong Sal wood. Conservation of the plinth level is completed and present work is progressing in main sanctum level erecting required all wooden pillars.

と記載されていますので、詳細な記録をとった後に、一旦解体して、再度組み上げた様です。1年間でかなり再建が進んでいました。入場券のほぼ中央やや右に描かれている、シカラ様式の美しい建物  Vatsala (Vatshala) Druga Temple バトサラ ドゥルガ寺院の方は、ようやく1段目が再建されていました。先の報告書の記載によると、こちらの方は、地震で完全に崩壊しており、調査の結果基礎部分はしっかりしていることが分かったので、その上に再建が始まったようです。

The restoration work of Vatsala temple is in rapid progress. Directly in front of the palace and beside the statue of king Bhupatendra Malla and next to the Big Bell is the Vatshala Devi Temple. This Shikhar style temple was entirely constructed in sandstone and is built upon a three-stage plinth, and has similarities to the Krishna temple of Patan. It is dedicated to Vatsala Devi, a form of the goddess Durga. The temple was originally built by King Jitamitra Malla in 1696 A.D. The structure that can be seen today, however, is reconstructed by King Bhupatindra Malla and dates back to the late 17th or early 18th century.  The Vatshala temple was completely collapsed by the earthquake. The foundation of the temple was examined through rescue archaeological excavation executed by DoA with the support of UNESCO Kathmandu office and Durham University, London. Since the foundation of the temple was found strong enough, the temple is being restored over the original foundation. Total responsibility of the restoration is taken by Bhaktapur Municipality with close coordination of Department.